How Much Sugar is in my Blood?
|Finger Stick at Least Once Daily||Goals for Many Adults with Diabetes*|
|Before you eat (fasting)||70-130 mg/dL|
|1-2 hours after the start of a meal||less than 180 mg/dL|
|Blood Test a few Times per Year||Goals for Many Adults with Diabetes*|
|hemoglobin (Hb) A1C||less than 7.0%|
*Your individual goals may differ, so speak to your doctor about your specific goals. Always get a blood test done from your clinician.
Adapted from the American Diabetes Association.
How to Use a Glucometer
Blood Sugar Ups and Downs
- Sugar free foods – can contain carbs from starches and sugar alcohol that lift levels.
- Fast foods – high-fat and high-carbs keep blood sugars up for longer periods.
- The common cold - Your blood sugar rises as your body works to fight off an illness.
- Stress - When you're under stress, your body releases hormones that can make your blood sugar rise.
- Sports drinks – can contain a lot of sugar.
- Medicines – Some decongestants can raise blood sugar. Cold medicines also sometimes have a little sugar or alcohol in them, so look for products that skip those ingredients.
- Household chores - Many of the chores you do every week count as moderate physical activity, with plenty of health perks like lowering blood sugar.
- Yogurt - Foods that have healthy bacteria, such as many types of yogurt, are called probiotic. They can improve digestion and may help you control your blood sugar.
- Vegan diet - A boost in fiber from whole grains and beans might play a role, by slowing down the digestion of carbs.
- Exercise - Intense or endurance-type exercise can make your level drop for at least 24 hours afterward. A snack before you begin may help. Check your blood sugar before, during, and after you exercise.